The California Court of Appeals has ruled that collateral source benefits can be considered by juries when calculating damages for future medical expenses in medical injury cases. In BC v. Contra Costa County, the trial court had excluded evidence that health insurance benefits would be available to mitigate the plaintiff’s future medical costs, and rejected the medical provider defendant’s argument that the amount that will actually be owed or paid by the plaintiff to obtain medical care should be included in setting the award for future medical expenses. The California Medical Association (CMA) had filed an amicus brief to defend MICRA, noting that plaintiffs were being awarded damages for future economic losses they will never incur because the costs are paid by others. To read more, go to the CMA website at